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Ethiopia Forest Figures

Forest Cover
Total forest area: 13,000,000 ha
% of land area: 11.9%

Primary forest cover: n/a
% of land area: n/a
% total forest area: n/a

Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005
Annual change in forest cover: -141,000 ha
Annual deforestation rate: -1.1%
Change in defor. rate since '90s: 10.4%
Total forest loss since 1990: -2,114,000 ha
Total forest loss since 1990:-14.0%

Primary or "Old-growth" forests
Annual loss of primary forests: n/a
Annual deforestation rate: n/a
Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a
Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a
Primary forest loss since 1990:n/a

Forest Classification
Public: 100%
Private: 0%
Other: 0%
Production: 3.8%
Protection: n/a
Conservation: n/a
Social services: n/a
Multiple purpose: 96.2%
None or unknown: n/a

Forest Area Breakdown
Total area: 13,000,000 ha
Primary: n/a
Modified natural: 12,509,000 ha
Semi-natural: n/a
Production plantation: 491,000 ha
Production plantation: n/a

Plantations, 2005: 491,000 ha
% of total forest cover: 3.8%
Annual change rate (00-05): n/a

Carbon storage
Above-ground biomass: 396 M t
Below-ground biomass: 107 M t

Area annually affected by
Fire: n/a
Insects: n/a
Diseases: n/a

Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Number of native tree species: 1,027
Critically endangered: 0
Endangered: 1
Vulnerable: 23

Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood: 2,982,000 m3 o.b.
Wood fuel: 108,879,000 m3 o.b.

Value of forest products, 2005
Industrial roundwood: $74,552,000
Wood fuel: $641,734,000
Non-wood forest products (NWFPs): $36,583,000
Total Value: $752,869,000

More forest statistics for Ethiopia

Ethiopia loses about 141,000 hectares of natural forest each year due to firewood collection, conversion to farmland, overgrazing, and use of forest wood for building material. Ethiopia faces a difficult future, because the agricultural sector, which forms the backbone of the economy, is totally dependent on forest resources.

Between 1990 and 2005, Ethiopia lost 14 percent of its forest cover or 2.1 million hectares. Deforestation rates have increased by 10.4 percent since the close of the 1990s.

On paper, 16.4 percent of Ethiopia is under some form of protection. The country has some 6,603 species of plants, 839 birds, 205 mammals, 288 reptiles, and 76 amphibians.

Suggested reading - Books

Unless otherwise specified, this article was written by Rhett A. Butler [Bibliographic citation for this page]

Other resources

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Last updated: 4 Feb 2006