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Niger Forest Figures

Forest Cover
Total forest area: 1,266,000 ha
% of land area: 1%

Primary forest cover: 220,000 ha
% of land area: 0.2%
% total forest area: 17.4%

Deforestation Rates, 2000-2005
Annual change in forest cover: -12,400 ha
Annual deforestation rate: -1.0%
Change in defor. rate since '90s: -70.6%
Total forest loss since 1990: -679,000 ha
Total forest loss since 1990:-34.9%

Primary or "Old-growth" forests
Annual loss of primary forests: n/a
Annual deforestation rate: n/a
Change in deforestation rate since '90s: n/a
Primary forest loss since 1990: n/a
Primary forest loss since 1990:0.0%

Forest Classification
Public: 100%
Private: 0%
Other: 0%
Production: n/a
Protection: 0.2%
Conservation: 17.4%
Social services: n/a
Multiple purpose: 82.4%
None or unknown: n/a

Forest Area Breakdown
Total area: 1,266,000 ha
Primary: 220,000 ha
Modified natural: 936,000 ha
Semi-natural: n/a
Production plantation: n/a
Production plantation: 110,000 ha

Plantations, 2005: 110,000 ha
% of total forest cover: 8.7%
Annual change rate (00-05): 7,500,000 ha

Carbon storage
Above-ground biomass: 20 M t
Below-ground biomass: 5 M t

Area annually affected by
Fire: n/a
Insects: n/a
Diseases: n/a

Number of tree species in IUCN red list
Number of native tree species: 227
Critically endangered: 0
Endangered: 0
Vulnerable: 2

Wood removal 2005
Industrial roundwood: 594,000 m3 o.b.
Wood fuel: 11,879,000 m3 o.b.

Value of forest products, 2005
Industrial roundwood: n/a
Wood fuel: $92,334,000
Non-wood forest products (NWFPs): $5,295,000
Total Value: $97,629,000

More forest statistics for Niger

Niger, one of the world's poorest countries, has been especially hard hit by the collapse of the uranium market and is dependent on subsistence farming as the backbone of its economy. A high population growth rate puts pressure of the few remaining forest lands. Consequently, between 1990 and 2005, the country lost 679,000 hectares or 34.9 percent of its forest cover.

In Niger, formerly forested lands are plagued with soil loss and desertification. The Sahara desert, which already covers two-thirds of the country, is expanding at a rate of 200,000 hectares annually. In an effort to slow the Saraha's progress, the government planted more than 60 million trees between 1985 and 1997.

As of 2003, about 8 percent of Niger's land area was protected, but poaching and habitat loss are taking a heavy toll on the country's wildlife.

From a biodiversity standpoint, Niger has some 1,460 species of plants, 131 mammals, 493 birds, and 58 reptiles.

Unless otherwise specified, this article was written by
Rhett A. Butler [Bibliographic citation for this page]

Other resources

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Last updated: 4 Feb 2006