List of Critically Endangered species in Colombia

This is a list of Critically Endangered species in Colombia according to the IUCN Red List.

This list was last updated 2019-09-14


This list contains only species that have been assessed for the IUCN Red List. It is therefore not representative of all the species in the country.

Species counts by country: Total | Amphibians | Birds | Fish | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants.

Mesoclemmys dahli Dahl's Toad-headed Turtle 17080 CR
Sphaerolejeunea umbilicata 39227 CR
Pomacea ocanensis 189206 CR
Rinorea marginata 35986 CR
Anguloa cliftonii Clifton's Anguloa 44393406 CR
Synophis plectovertebralis 44581867 CR
Aiphanes argos 111707147 CR
Magnolia jardinensis 14050337 CR
Zamia amplifolia 42108 CR
Zamia disodon 42109 CR
Zamia hymenophyllidia 42110 CR
Zamia montana 42113 CR
Zamia wallisii 42121 CR
Magnolia coronata 14050467 CR
Pristis pristis Eastern Pacific subpopulation Largetooth Sawfish 43508949 CR
Swartzia oraria 36069 CR
Podocnemis lewyana Magdalena River Turtle 17823 CR
Bolitoglossa capitana Orphan Salamander 59142 CR
Oxypogon cyanolaemus Blue-bearded Helmetcrest 22726798 CR
Hapalopsittaca fuertesi Fuertes's Parrot 22686163 CR
Chrysophyllum euryphyllum 35375 CR
Eriocnemis isabellae Gorgeted Puffleg 22735457 CR
Atlapetes blancae Antioquia Brush-Finch 22735460 CR
Plecturocebus caquetensis Caquetá Tití Monkey 14699281 CR
Pterodroma phaeopygia Galapagos Petrel 22698020 CR
Pilocarpus goudotianus subsp. heterochromus 35745 CR
Oophaga histrionica Harlequin Poison Frog 144231367 CR
Crax alberti Blue-knobbed Curassow 22678525 CR
Pouteria espinae 35839 CR
Rhizosomichthys totae 19661 CR
Strengeriana antioquensis 134417 CR
Freziera euryoides 36166 CR
Freziera stuebelii 36176 CR
Saguinus oedipus Cotton-headed Tamarin 19823 CR
Atelopus ardila 18435521 CR
Atelopus gigas 18435526 CR
Atelopus pastuso 18435537 CR
Grallaria fenwickorum Antioquia Antpitta 22736345 CR
Lepidopyga lilliae Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird 22687417 CR
Trichomycterus venulosus 167814 CR
Coeligena orina Glittering Starfrontlet 22687828 CR
Heteragrion peregrinum 49254663 CR
Ateles fusciceps Brown-headed Spider Monkey 135446 CR
Palaemnema edmondi 49254682 CR
Pristimantis polemistes 61817 CR
Marmosops handleyi Handley's Slender Mouse Opossum 12820 CR
Phragmipedium andreettae 43324087 CR
Ptychoglossus danieli 29409 CR
Lipaugus weberi Chestnut-capped Piha 22729457 CR
Atelopus ebenoides Huila Stubfoot Toad 81646342 CR
Phragmipedium christiansenianum Christiansen's Phragmipedium 43324274 CR
Thryophilus nicefori Niceforo's Wren 22711458 CR
Phragmipedium fischeri Fischer's Phragmipedium 43324499 CR
Troglodytes monticola Santa Marta Wren 22711503 CR
Rhaebo atelopoides Western Andes Toad 54461 CR
Atelopus angelito 54488 CR
Atelopus arsyecue 54489 CR
Atelopus chocoensis 54499 CR
Atelopus elegans Elegant Stubfoot Toad 54505 CR
Atelopus eusebianus Malvasa Stubfoot Toad 54507 CR
Atelopus famelicus 54509 CR
Atelopus farci Forest Stubfoot Toad 54510 CR
Atelopus glyphus Pirre Harlequin Frog 54514 CR
Atelopus minutulus Colombian Stubfoot Toad 54527 CR
Atelopus monohernandezii 54528 CR
Atelopus nicefori Niceforo's Stubfoot Toad 54534 CR
Atelopus pedimarmoratus San Isidro Stubfoot Toad 54538 CR
Atelopus petriruizi Painted Stubfoot Toad 54540 CR
Atelopus pictiventris Painted Stubfoot Toad 54541 CR
Atelopus quimbaya 54545 CR
Atelopus sernai 54550 CR
Atelopus simulatus 54551 CR
Atelopus sonsonensis 54553 CR
Atelopus subornatus Bogota Stubfoot Toad 54557 CR
Atelopus tamaense Tamá Harlequin Toad 54558 CR
Magnolia chimantensis 193916 CR
Zamia restrepoi 185752 CR
Orphanodendron bernalii 38426 CR
Crocodylus intermedius Orinoco Crocodile 5661 CR
Ceroxylon sasaimae 38468 CR
Rhinella rostrata Mesopotamia Beaked Toad 54881 CR
Centrolene geckoideum Pacific Giant Glass Frog 54911 CR
Nymphargus armatus 54947 CR
Hyloxalus abditaurantius Bello Rocket Frog 55041 CR
Hyloxalus edwardsi Edwards' Rocket Frog 55074 CR
Allobates juanii 55099 CR
Atelopus nocturnus Nocturnal Harlequin Toad 21567292 CR
Pyrrhura subandina Sinu Parakeet 45422401 CR
Phragmipedium anguloi 86251344 CR
Hyloxalus ruizi Ruiz's Rocket Frog 55143 CR
Oophaga lehmanni Red-banded Poison Frog 55190 CR
Oophaga occultator La Brea Poison Frog 55194 CR
Andinobates viridis Green Poison Frog 55210 CR
Ameerega andina La Planada Poison Frog 55212 CR
Pimelodus grosskopfii 49829828 CR
Magnolia calimaensis 38855 CR
Magnolia cararensis 38857 CR
Magnolia colombiana 38858 CR
Magnolia cespedesii 38865 CR
Magnolia espinalii 38866 CR
Magnolia katiorum 38872 CR
Magnolia narinensis 38873 CR
Magnolia polyhypsophylla 38874 CR
Magnolia virolinensis 38876 CR
Hampea thespesioides 38878 CR
Blakea granatensis 38879 CR
Meriania versicolor 38892 CR
Prunus carolinae 38901 CR
Herrania laciniifolia 38906 CR
Gastrotheca angustifrons Pacific Marsupial Frog 55322 CR
Phragmipedium manzurii Manzur's Phragmipedium 43325573 CR
Hyloscirtus lynchi Lynch's Colombian Treefrog 55546 CR
Acostaea rivolii 65403156 CR
Hyloscirtus pantostictus Rio Chingual Valley Treefrog 55587 CR
Santamartamys rufodorsalis Red Crested Tree Rat 6664 CR
Dendrophidion boshelli Hoshell's Forest Racer 203284 CR
Agalychnis lemur Lemur Leaf Frog 55855 CR
Lepidoblepharis miyatai 44579408 CR
Ateles hybridus ssp. brunneus Brown Spider Monkey 39919 CR
Ateles hybridus ssp. hybridus Hybrid Spider Monkey 39920 CR
Ateles fusciceps ssp. rufiventris Colombian Black Spider Monkey 39921 CR
Lagothrix lugens Colombian Woolly Monkey 39926 CR
Atopophrynus syntomopus Sonson Frog 56326 CR
Magnolia wolfii 38877 CR
Ateles hybridus Variegated Spider Monkey 39961 CR
Pristimantis albericoi 56402 CR
Pristimantis bernali Argelia Robber Frog 56459 CR
Prunus ernestii 38902 CR
Pristimantis cacao Cacao Robber Frog 56484 CR
Strabomantis cadenai Nutibara Robber Frog 56485 CR
Pristimantis chrysops 56512 CR
Lepanthes sinuosa 22486222 CR
Pristimantis deinops 56553 CR
Pristimantis diaphonus Rio Calima Robber Frog 56559 CR
Pristimantis diogenes 56563 CR
Pristimantis jaimei Jaime's Robber Frog 56680 CR
Gustavia latifolia 32115 CR
Gustavia longifuniculata 32116 CR
Pristimantis kelephus 56692 CR
Pristimantis lichenoides 56718 CR
Pristimantis mars 56745 CR
Pristimantis molybrignus Uribe Robber Frog 56772 CR
Strabomantis necerus Mindo Robber Frog 56785 CR
Lepanthes panope 22486546 CR
Pristimantis phragmipleuron Sugar Robber Frog 56856 CR
Pristimantis reclusas 56903 CR
Pristimantis spilogaster Gambita Robber Frog 56974 CR
Pristimantis torrenticola 57011 CR
Pristimantis tribulosus 57015 CR
Pristimantis veletis 57032 CR
Pristimantis xylochobates 57061 CR
Masdevallia apparitio Apparition Masdevallia 44392250 CR
Gastrotheca antomia 55323 CR


Other languages

english | french | spanish | portuguese |


Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups:
  • Extinct (EX) – beyond reasonable doubt that the species is no longer extant.
  • Extinct in the wild (EW) – survives only in captivity, cultivation and/or outside native range, as presumed after exhaustive surveys.
  • Critically endangered (CR) – in a particularly and extremely critical state.
  • Endangered (EN) – very high risk of extinction in the wild, meets any of criteria A to E for Endangered.
  • Vulnerable (VU) – meets one of the 5 red list criteria and thus considered to be at high risk of unnatural (human-caused) extinction without further human intervention.
  • Near threatened (NT) – close to being at high risk of extinction in the near future.
  • Least concern (LC) – unlikely to become extinct in the near future.
  • Data deficient (DD)
  • Not evaluated (NE)