List of Extinct species in Mauritius

This is a list of Extinct species in Mauritius according to the IUCN Red List.

This list was last updated 2019-09-14


This list contains only species that have been assessed for the IUCN Red List. It is therefore not representative of all the species in the country.

Species counts by country: Total | Amphibians | Birds | Fish | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants.

Nesoenas rodericanus Rodrigues Turtle-dove 22728722 EX
Phelsuma gigas 16925 EX
Colparion madgei 5166 EX
Necropsar rodericanus Rodrigues Starling 22710836 EX
Nycticorax mauritianus Mauritius Night-heron 22728777 EX
Madatyphlops cariei Hoffstetter's Worm Snake 22607 EX
Nycticorax megacephalus Rodrigues Night-Heron 22728787 EX
Gonidomus newtoni 9329 EX
Lophopsittacus bensoni Mauritius Grey Parrot 22728844 EX
Lophopsittacus mauritianus Broad-billed Parrot 22728847 EX
Leiolopisma mauritiana 11410 EX
Necropsittacus rodricanus Rodrigues Parrot 22728851 EX
Mascarenotus murivorus Rodrigues Owl 22728856 EX
Mascarenotus sauzieri Mauritius Owl 22728861 EX
Libythea cinyras 11934 EX
Ctenoglypta newtoni 5794 EX
Gonospira nevilli 9392 EX
Aphanapteryx bonasia Red Rail 22728884 EX
Erythromachus leguati Rodrigues Rail 22728889 EX
Dracaena umbraculifera 35017 EX
Alectroenas payandeei Rodrigues Blue-pigeon 62759683 EX
Dupontia proletaria 6917 EX
Raphus cucullatus Dodo 22690059 EX
Pezophaps solitaria Rodriguez Solitaire 22690062 EX
Alectroenas nitidissimus Mauritius Blue-pigeon 22691601 EX
Psittacula exsul Rodrigues Parakeet 22685465 EX
Tropidophora desmazuresi 22342 EX
Bolyeria multocarinata Round Island Burrowing Boa 2864 EX
Casearia tinifolia 30527 EX
Erepta nevilli 8000 EX
Pteropus subniger Lesser Mascarene Flying-fox 18761 EX
Geonemertes rodericana 9066 EX
Nesoenas cicur Mauritius Turtle-dove 62257034 EX
Cylindraspis inepta 6062 EX
Cylindraspis peltastes 6063 EX
Cylindraspis triserrata 6064 EX
Cylindraspis vosmaeri 6065 EX
Omphalotropis plicosa 15297 EX
Caldwellia philyrina 3523 EX
Columba thiriouxi Mauritius Woodpigeon 62254534 EX
Alopochen mauritiana Mauritian Shelduck 22728658 EX
Anas theodori Mauritius Duck 22728662 EX
Gibbus lyonetianus 9179 EX
Harmogenanina linophora 9701 EX
Rhachis sanguineus 19441 EX
Pachystyla rufozonata 15864 EX


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Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups:
  • Extinct (EX) – beyond reasonable doubt that the species is no longer extant.
  • Extinct in the wild (EW) – survives only in captivity, cultivation and/or outside native range, as presumed after exhaustive surveys.
  • Critically endangered (CR) – in a particularly and extremely critical state.
  • Endangered (EN) – very high risk of extinction in the wild, meets any of criteria A to E for Endangered.
  • Vulnerable (VU) – meets one of the 5 red list criteria and thus considered to be at high risk of unnatural (human-caused) extinction without further human intervention.
  • Near threatened (NT) – close to being at high risk of extinction in the near future.
  • Least concern (LC) – unlikely to become extinct in the near future.
  • Data deficient (DD)
  • Not evaluated (NE)