List of Critically Endangered species in Peru

This is a list of Critically Endangered species in Peru according to the IUCN Red List.

This list was last updated 2019-09-14


This list contains only species that have been assessed for the IUCN Red List. It is therefore not representative of all the species in the country.

Species counts by country: Total | Amphibians | Birds | Fish | Mammals | Reptiles | Vascular Plants.

Cinclodes palliatus White-bellied Cinclodes 22702117 CR
Phragmipedium richteri Richter's Phragmipedium 43325614 CR
Matucana aureiflora 151749 CR
Aposturisoma myriodon 49830106 CR
Rhamdia xetequepeque 49829794 CR
Rhamdella montana 49830172 CR
Parkinsonia peruviana 16879984 CR
Cleistocactus hoffmannii 151993 CR
Magnolia sanchez-vegae 69321157 CR
Myrcianthes ferreyrae 60492231 CR
Telmatobius ventriflavum Andean Water Frog 78586413 CR
Peruphasma schultei Golden-Eyed Stick Insect 127947407 CR
Podiceps taczanowskii Junín Grebe 22696623 CR
Nymphargus mixomaculatus 135886 CR
Atelopus pyrodactylus 135890 CR
Matucana ritteri 152304 CR
Ameerega planipaleae Oxapampa Poison Frog 29432 CR
Melanomys zunigae Zuniga's Dark Rice Rat 13048 CR
Atelopus eusebiodiazi 158466 CR
Atelopus patazensis 158467 CR
Nannostomus mortenthaleri red pencil 49830676 CR
Haageocereus pacalaensis 152353 CR
Anablepsoides speciosus 49830703 CR
Micropholis macrophylla 35639 CR
Matucana madisoniorum 152396 CR
Microkayla boettgeri 136021 CR
Pygmaeocereus bylesianus 152527 CR
Lagothrix flavicauda Peruvian Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey 39924 CR
Pouteria cinnamomea 35828 CR
Apinagia peruviana 58084362 CR
Psychrophrynella bagrecito Bagrecito Andes Frog 57200 CR
Matucana huagalensis 152641 CR
Noblella madreselva 89183310 CR
Isoetes hewitsonii 58127444 CR
Phrynopus heimorum 57210 CR
Phrynopus juninensis Junin Andes Frog 57213 CR
Zamia macrochiera 42112 CR
Zamia urep 42119 CR
Phrynopus peruanus Peters' Andes Frog 57224 CR
Cleistocactus xylorhizus 152762 CR
Pristimantis cosnipatae Rio Cosnipata Robber Frog 56526 CR
Magnolia manguillo 67513563 CR
Atelopus erythropus Carabaya Stubfoot Toad 54506 CR
Sciaena callaensis 154864 CR
Atelopus peruensis Peru Stubfoot Toad 54539 CR
Haageocereus tenuis 152883 CR
Nannophryne cophotis Paramo Toad 54615 CR
Drymoluber apurimacensis Brazilian Woodland Racer 44580193 CR
Phragmipedium kovachii Kovach's Phragmipedium 43324837 CR
Telmatobius mendelsoni 45536685 CR
Plecturocebus oenanthe San Martin Titi Monkey 3553 CR
Isoetes dispora 58983919 CR
Coursetia cajamarcana 19891740 CR
Phyllodactylus sentosus Lima Leaf-toed Gecko 48442971 CR
Pauxi koepckeae Sira Curassow 45090459 CR
Cochranella euhystrix Ridge Cochran Frog 54959 CR
Nymphargus truebae Trueb's Cochran Frog 54999 CR
Astroblepus formosus 49829728 CR
Guzmania bismarckii 44392315 CR


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Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups:
  • Extinct (EX) – beyond reasonable doubt that the species is no longer extant.
  • Extinct in the wild (EW) – survives only in captivity, cultivation and/or outside native range, as presumed after exhaustive surveys.
  • Critically endangered (CR) – in a particularly and extremely critical state.
  • Endangered (EN) – very high risk of extinction in the wild, meets any of criteria A to E for Endangered.
  • Vulnerable (VU) – meets one of the 5 red list criteria and thus considered to be at high risk of unnatural (human-caused) extinction without further human intervention.
  • Near threatened (NT) – close to being at high risk of extinction in the near future.
  • Least concern (LC) – unlikely to become extinct in the near future.
  • Data deficient (DD)
  • Not evaluated (NE)