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Taiwan Forest Information and Data

According to the U.N. FAO, [an error occurred while processing this directive]

Taiwan Environmental profile

The following contains data relating to forest cover in Taiwan

Previous version of this profile (2009)


Forest Cover | Breakdown of forest types | Change in Forest Cover | Deforestation | Primary forest | Planted forest | Forest designation | Forest ownership | Growing stock | Carbon stock | Disturbances affecting forest land | Removals | Removals Value | Employment | Forest policy | Human resources | Revenue | Agreements | Protected areas | Biodiversity - Wildlife | Biodiversity - Plants | Environment | Land use / Resources | Economy | Population / Demographics | Infrastructure | Health | References | Books

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[an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive] Taiwan: Environment
Environment - current issuesair pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal
Environment - international agreementsparty to: none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status
Natural hazardsearthquakes and typhoons

Taiwan: Land use / Resources
Land use (%)arable land: 24%
permanent crops: 1%
other: 75% (2001)
Natural resourcessmall deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos

Taiwan: Economy
Economy - overview:Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with gradually decreasing guidance of investment and foreign trade by government authorities. In keeping with this trend, some large government-owned banks and industrial firms are being privatized. Exports have provided the primary impetus for industrialization. The trade surplus is substantial, and foreign reserves are the world's third largest. Agriculture contributes less than 2% to GDP, down from 32% in 1952. Taiwan is a major investor throughout Southeast Asia. China has overtaken the US to become Taiwan's largest export market. Because of its conservative financial approach and its entrepreneurial strengths, Taiwan suffered little compared with many of its neighbors from the Asian financial crisis in 1998. The global economic downturn, combined with problems in policy coordination by the administration and bad debts in the banking system, pushed Taiwan into recession in 2001, the first year of negative growth ever recorded. Unemployment also reached record levels. Output recovered moderately in 2002 in the face of continued global slowdown, fragile consumer confidence, and bad bank loans. The essentially vibrant economy pushed ahead in 2003-05. Growing economic ties with China are a dominant long-term factor, e.g., exports to China of parts and equipment for the assembly of goods for export to developed countries.
GDP - per capita$26,700 (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate (%)3.6% (2005 est.)
Agriculture - productsrice, corn, vegetables, fruit, tea; pigs, poultry, beef, milk; fish
GDP - composition by sector (%)agriculture: 1.6%, industry: 29.3%, services: 69% (2005 est.)
Industries electronics, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals
Population below poverty line (%)0.9% (2005)
Debt - external$81.64 billion (2005 est.)
Labor force - by occupation (%)agriculture 6%, industry 35.8%, services 58.2% (2005 est.)

Taiwan: Population / Demographics
Population (July 2005)22,894,384
Population growth rate (%) (2005)0.63%
Population density (people/sq km) (2005)709.7
Median age (years)total: 34.14 years
Total fertility rate (children born/woman)1.57 (2005 est.)
Ethnic groups (%)Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%

Largest Cities in Taiwan

Cities and urban areas in Taiwan with population over 100,000 All figures are estimates for 2002.

CityCountryCity PopulationUrban Area Population
Keelung (Chilung)Taiwan404300404300

Taiwan: Infrastructure
Telephones - main lines in use13.355 million (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular25,089,600 (2003)
Roadways (km)total: 37,299 km
paved: 35,621 km (including 608 km of expressways)
unpaved: 1,678 km (2002)

Taiwan: Health
Life expectancy at birth (years)total population: 77.26 years
male: 74.49 years
female: 80.28 years (2005 est.)
Infant mortality rate6.4 deaths/1,000 live births
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)NA

Taiwan : References & Data Sources
 Environment, Land use / Resources, Economy, Population / Demographics, Infrastructure, Health -- CIA World Factbook, 2005
 Forest Cover, Forest types, Breakdown of forest types, Change in Forest Cover, Primary forests, Forest designation, Disturbances affecting forest land, Value of forests, Production, trade and consumption of forest products -- The FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS's Global Forest Resources Assessment (2005 & 2010) and the State of the World's Forests (2009, 2007, 2005, 2003, 2001)
 Protected Areas, Plant and animal biodiversity -- United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). 2004. World Database on Protected Areas.
 Biosphere reservers -- United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - Man and Biosphere Program. 2004. UNESCO - MAB Biosphere Reserves Directory.
 RAMSAR sites -- The Bureau of the Convention on Wetlands . 2005. The Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance.
 World Resources Institute's EarthTrends web site
 The 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
 Population Data -- United Nations Population Fund
 With additional analysis by Rhett Butler of

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